Saturday, October 12, 2013


You need to eat a range of foods to get all of the nutrients and fibre your body needs. The five main food groups are:

  • starchy foods including bread, pasta, rice and potatoes
  • fruit and vegetables
  • milk and other dairy foods
  • meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of protein
  • foods high in fat or sugar

Eating the right balance of foods from these groups will make sure your body gets all it needs to stay healthy.


Why is healthy eating important?
    There is good evidence that eating a healthy diet can reduce your risk of obesity and illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis and some types of cancer.

     The food you eat contains several different types of nutrients, which are all required for the many vital processes in your body. Key nutrients in your diet include the following.

  • Carbohydrates – these provide you with energy.
  • Proteins – these are another source of energy and essential for the growth and repair of all tissues in your body.
  • Fats – these are a very concentrated source of energy and also have a number of other roles, including helping to transport essential vitamins around your body.
  • Vitamins and minerals – there are many different vitamins and minerals, which are all important to keep your body healthy and functioning.

Another important element of your diet is fibre. Fibre isn’t classed as a nutrient, but it’s essential to keep your digestive system healthy and certain types of fibre can help to control your blood cholesterol levels.


      The amount and type of food you eat has a major influence on your health. Eating a well-balanced diet can reduce your risk of various diseases as well as help you to maintain a healthy weight.

     There are certain times when it can be particularly important to make sure you’re following a healthy diet – for instance, if you want to lose excess weight or if you’re watching what you eat because you’re pregnant. However, it’s important to eat a healthy diet throughout your life, no matter what age you are – there’s never a bad time to make some changes and improve your eating habits.